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How to start Avocado farming in Kenya

by NBI
How to start Avocado farming in Kenya

Avocado farming is a lucrative business in Kenya, thanks to the high demand for the fruit both locally and internationally. If you are considering starting an avocado farm in Kenya, here are some tips to help you get started.

Choose the right variety of avocado

The first step in starting an avocado farm is selecting the right variety. The most popular varieties in Kenya are Hass, Fuerte, and Pinkerton. Hass is the most widely grown variety due to its longer shelf life and high demand in both local and international markets. However, it’s important to choose a variety that is suitable for your specific climate and soil conditions. For example, the Fuerte variety does well in cooler regions, while the Pinkerton variety prefers warm areas.

Find a suitable location

The location of your avocado farm is critical for the success of your business. Avocado trees thrive in areas with plenty of sunshine, well-draining soil, and a reliable water supply. It’s also important to consider accessibility to transportation and distribution channels when selecting your location.

Prepare the land

Once you have identified a suitable location, the next step is to prepare the land. Clear the land of weeds and debris, and then dig holes for planting the avocado trees. The holes should be at least 2 feet wide and 2 feet deep. Mix compost and manure with the soil before planting the trees to improve soil fertility.

Plant the trees

The best time to plant avocado trees is during the rainy season. This ensures that the trees get enough water to establish their roots. Space the trees at least 10 meters apart to allow for proper growth and development. The planting hole should be filled with soil mixed with compost and manure, and the tree should be watered immediately after planting.

Maintain the trees

To keep your avocado trees healthy and productive, they require regular pruning and fertilization. Prune the trees every year to remove dead wood and promote new growth. Fertilize the trees with nitrogen-rich fertilizer at least twice a year, and ensure that they are watered regularly.

Harvest and market your avocados

Avocado trees start bearing fruit after three to four years, and they can produce fruit for up to 50 years. When the fruit is mature but not overripe, it’s time to harvest it. Handle the fruit carefully to avoid damage during harvesting and transportation. Market your avocados through local markets or export to international markets to maximize profits.

In conclusion, avocado farming can be a profitable venture in Kenya if done correctly. Choose the right variety, find a suitable location, prepare the land, plant the trees, maintain them properly, and market your avocados effectively. With hard work and dedication, you can achieve success in avocado farming.

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